“It has been decided to allow a voluntary transition of UCBs meeting the prescribed criteria into SFBs,” the RBI said in its monetary policy statement released yesterday.
Making the announcement, RBI’s Deputy Governor N S Vishwanathan said, “Demand from some quarters was that we must allow UCBs to corporatise. Since SFBs also have the same mandate of ‘financial inclusion’ as part of their fundamental business model, we will come out with a detailed scheme on this conversion of UCBs into SFBs.”
The move holds significance as the decision to allow the transition has been made on the basis of a report submitted by the high-powered committee on urban cooperative banks led by the then RBI deputy governor R S Gandhi.
The committee, that submitted its report in July 2015, had then felt that a business size of Rs 20,000 crore could be considered the threshold limit, beyond which UCBs may voluntarily convert themselves into commercial banks.
“Though UCBs were set up as small banks offering banking services to people of small means belonging to the lower and middle classes, a well laid out transition path is required for at least the larger UCBs to convert themselves into universal/ niche commercial banks due to the changing financial landscape in the country and providing further growth opportunity to well managed UCBs,” noted the committee report, emphasising further that, during such a transition, the aspirations of large UCBs should also be kept in check.