The Coming BFSI Disruptions Seeing Tomorrow’s Today

BFSI Industry

The BFSI sector has consistently positioned itself as a pioneer in embracing cutting-edge technologies to foster expansion and enhance operational effectiveness. The rapid evolution of digitalisation, coupled with the changing customer expectations, has accelerated the pace of disruption within the industry. Today financial institutions are leveraging cutting-edge technologies to deliver personalised financial services, streamline processes, enhance security, and provide an unparalleled customer experience.

Key Disruptions and Technologies in the BFSI Industry

AI and Machine Learning
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) have emerged as game-changers in the BFSI industry. These technologies enable financial institutions to analyse vast amounts of data, detect patterns, and make accurate predictions. AI-powered chatbots provide instant customer support, while ML algorithms detect fraudulent activities and mitigate risks.

Blockchain Technology
Blockchain technology has disrupted the BFSI industry by introducing decentralised and transparent systems. It enables secure and efficient peer-to-peer transactions, eliminating the need for intermediaries. Blockchain has the potential to streamline processes such as cross-border payments, trade finance, and identity verification, enhancing efficiency and reducing costs.

Robotic Process Automation (RPA)
Robotic Process Automation (RPA) automates repetitive and rule-based tasks, freeing up human resources to focus on more complex activities. RPA bots perform tasks such as data entry, reconciliation, and compliance monitoring, improving operational efficiency and reducing errors.

Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (IoT) has opened up new possibilities in the BFSI industry. Connected devices and sensors collect real-time data, enabling personalised services and risk assessment. IoT-powered devices also facilitate asset tracking, remote monitoring of ATMs, and predictive maintenance, enhancing operational

Big Data Analytics
Big Data Analytics plays a pivotal role in the BFSI industry by leveraging the vast amounts of data generated. Analysing customer behavior, market trends, and risk patterns enables financial institutions to make data-driven decisions. It also helps in detecting fraud, identifying potential investment opportunities, and tailoring products and services to individual customers.
The big data market in India was valued at INR 132.63 Bn in 2021. It is expected to reach INR 558.24 Bn by 2027, expanding at a CAGR of ~26.80% during the 2022 – 2027 period.

AI’s Influence in Banking
By automating operations and offering insights into client behaviour, artificial intelligence (AI) is revolutionising the banking business. Customer service is being transformed by AIpowered chatbots and virtual assistants, while machine learning algorithms are enhancing risk management and fraud detection. AI is also allowing banks to personalise their services and provide customers with tailored financial advise

However, the use of AI in banking presents ethical considerations that must be addressed.

  • One of the most serious ethical concerns. of utilising AI in banking is the possibility of bias. AI algorithms are only as objective as the data on which they are trained, and if the data used to train these algorithms is biassed, the outputs will be biassed as well. This can result in prejudice against particular client groups, such as those with low credit scores or those from marginalised communities.
  • Another ethical worry is the possibility of job loss as a result of automation. As AIpowered technologies become more popular in banking, certain positions may become obsolete, resulting in unemployment and economic inequity.
  • Finally, there is a risk of relying too heavily on AI in decision-making processes. While AI can provide useful insights and automate some jobs, it should not completely replace human judgement. Financial organisations must implement checks and balances to prevent errors or biases in decision-making processes.

While AI has many advantages, financial institutions must also address the ethical consequences of its use. Financial institutions may ensure that their use of AI is both practical and ethical by addressing these ethical problems.

Also Read | Digital transformation has brought a new culture in the BFSI Industry

Technology adoption in the lending market can be classified on three primary stakeholders:

Data providers
Big Data and datadriven smart insights are defining lending industry advances, facilitating intelligent data collecting and analysis required to make informed decisions on borrowers’ creditworthiness. Big Data is also assisting in making the ‘digital lending’ process more cost effective and simple, while also improving customer experience, agility in offering solutions, and brand loyalty.The traditional and digital divide is gradually being overcome thanks to targeted government measures under the ‘digital India’ programme. Initiatives that interact with citisens at the grassroots level are also useful catalysts for increasing customer trust, digital literacy, and awareness of digital lending.

Core platform providers
Historically, the BFSI sector, particularly the lending sector, has been noted for its stringent regulatory environment, rigorous documentation, and extensive and often time-consuming processes. However, as fundamental platforms such as loan management systems and loan origination systems become API based and easy to integrate, more banks and NBFCs are using them alongside their legacy systems. This has gradually disrupted lending procedures, making them more dependable, fast, and data-driven. Furthermore, initiatives such as one digital identity through the connection of ADHAAR, Digilocker, eSampark, and UPI adoption, among other tech solutions.

End-to-end Fintech solution suppliers:
While FinTech start-ups are bringing about major change in the lending services market through joint efforts, the future of these services resides in their integration. Fintech service providers who effectively integrate the foundations built by data providers and core platform suppliers to build fully digital lending journeys with disruptive innovation in order to make credit open and accessible to the masses. When used effectively, data analytics and developing technology can provide a smooth and integrated Omni channel service strategy, opening up additional income opportunities.

Supporting Data:
The online banking penetration rate in India is expected to rise by 21.6 per cent points between 2023 and 2028. After the fifth straight year of growth, internet banking penetration is expected to reach 61.71 per cent, a new high in 2028. Notably, the rate of online banking penetration has been steadily increasing in recent years.

Impact of disruptions and technologies in the BFSI industry

Enhanced customer experience
With personalised services, 24/7 support, and seamless digital experiences, customers have become the focal point of the BFSI industry. AI-powered chatbots and virtual assistants provide instant and accurate responses, while mobile banking apps allow customers to access their accounts anytime, anywhere. These advancements have significantly enhanced customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Improved efficiency and cost savings
Automation and digitisation have streamlined processes and eliminated manual errors. RPA bots perform tasks with precision and consistency, resulting in improved efficiency and reduced operational costs. Furthermore, digitised processes have shortened the turnaround time for loan approvals, account openings, and other financial transactions.

Strengthened security and fraud prevention
Cybersecurity threats pose a significant risk to the BFSI industry. However, technologies like AI and blockchain have strengthened security measures. AI algorithms identify anomalies and suspicious activities, preventing fraudulent transactions. Blockchain technology ensures the immutability and transparency of financial records, reducing the risk of data tampering.

Personalised financial services
Data analytics and AI enable financial institutions to gather insights into customers’ financial behaviors and preferences. This information allows them to offer personalised product recommendations, customised investment portfolios, and tailored financial advice. By understanding individual needs, financial institutions can provide a more personalised and relevant experience.

Streamlined regulatory compliance
The BFSI industry operates within a strict regulatory framework. Technologies like AI and RPA assist in ensuring compliance by automating compliance monitoring and reporting. These technologies help financial institutions stay up to date with regulatory changes and reduce the risk of non-compliance.

Noteworthy developments and challenges in Digital Banking arena

Data Privacy and Security Concerns
As financial institutions collect and analyse vast amounts of customer data, ensuring data privacy and security becomes paramount. Striking a balance between utilising customer data for personalisation and maintaining strict data protection regulations is a challenge that financial institutions must navigate.

Skill Gap and Workforce Transformation
Implementing disruptive technologies requires a skilled workforce capable of harnessing their full potential. Upskilling employees, fostering a culture of innovation, and attracting techsavvy talent are essential to ensure successful implementation

Integration with Legacy Systems
Many financial institutions still rely on legacy systems that may not be compatible with new technologies. Integrating disruptive technologies with existing infrastructure requires careful planning and execution to avoid disruptions and ensure a seamless transition.

Regulatory and Compliance Frameworks
As new technologies emerge, regulatory bodies are continuously adapting to keep pace with industry advancements. Financial institutions must closely monitor and comply with changing regulations to avoid penalties and maintain trust.

Collaboration and Partnerships
Collaboration with fintech startups and technology providers can accelerate the adoption of disruptive technologies. However, building partnerships and fostering collaboration require establishing trust, aligning objectives, and overcoming potential conflicts of interest.

Government’s Role in Promoting Digitalisation in the BFSI industry

The government has played a significant role in the fast digitalisation that has occurred in recent years. Cashless transactions are the greatest way for the government to follow the movement of money as pressures increase to move the country towards a more tax-compliant economy. The Information Technology Act of 2000 established a legislative framework for regulating online activities. The law governs all online transactions in India and includes penalties and even punishment for noncompliance.

The 2016 demonetisation push was a clear statement of the government’s intention to transition to a cashless, more compliant economy. Coupled with the adoption of technology such as IMPS and UPI to facilitate quick fund transfers, there is a clear push on the part of the government towards a more digitised banking sector. The implementation of the Unified Payments Interface (UPI) by the government is a hugely effective step towards boosting the ease of doing business online. The introduction of UPI via the government-owned platform BHIM (Bharat Interface for Money) built by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) allowed users to transact online without providing their bank account data by using a virtual ID.

The use of a virtual wallet is also rendered obsolete because the flow of funds is channelled directly through the bank accounts of the relevant transaction participants. Almost all payment platforms in the country, including Paytm, PhonePe, and Google Pay, now offer UPI. To encourage the use of such technology, transaction fees for UPI transactions are currently kept low. Recent tax law changes also require payments to be made through banking systems. To entice the general public to use digital banking, the Government of India and the Reserve Bank of India have launched a slew of e-Services.

Digital Banking’s Future and Emerging Technologies:

Banks must employ comprehensive security measures such as Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA), encryption, real-time transaction monitoring, and File Integrity Monitoring (FIM) to mitigate these cybersecurity concerns. Banks should also educate their consumers about cyber security and provide regular updates on any new security threats or vulnerabilities. Banks may maintain the security and privacy of consumer data while also providing simple access to financial services via digital channels by applying these best practises.

New technologies, such as 5G and IoT, are enabling more complete access to banking apps. Quantum computing has the ability to further alter the industry. To adapt to the changing technological world, banks must be adaptable and imaginative.

In conclusion, the BFSI industry in India is experiencing a rapid transformation fueled by disruptive technologies. The adoption of AI, blockchain, RPA, IoT, and big data analytics is reshaping the way financial institutions operate, providing improved customer experiences, increased efficiency, and enhanced security measures. However, there are challenges that must be overcome, including data privacy concerns, workforce transformation, integration with legacy systems, regulatory compliance, and the need for collaboration. With careful navigation of these challenges, the industry can fully leverage the potential of these technologies and continue to evolve in the digital era.

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